Cómo obtener el número de serie del disco duro usando Python

¿Cómo puedo obtener el serial number de serial number de una hard disk duro utilizando Python en Linux ?

Me gustaría usar un módulo de Python para hacerlo en lugar de ejecutar un progtwig externo como hdparm . Tal vez usando el módulo fcntl ?

Linux

Como sugirió, fcntl es la forma de hacer esto en Linux. El código C que desea traducir se ve así:

 static struct hd_driveid hd; int fd; if ((fd = open("/dev/hda", O_RDONLY | O_NONBLOCK)) < 0) { printf("ERROR opening /dev/hda\n"); exit(1); } if (!ioctl(fd, HDIO_GET_IDENTITY, &hd)) { printf("%.20s\n", hd.serial_no); } else if (errno == -ENOMSG) { printf("No serial number available\n"); } else { perror("ERROR: HDIO_GET_IDENTITY"); exit(1); } 

Traducido a Python en Ubuntu 9.10, dice algo como esto:

 import sys, os, fcntl, struct if os.geteuid() > 0: print("ERROR: Must be root to use") sys.exit(1) with open(sys.argv[1], "rb") as fd: # tediously derived from the monster struct defined in  # see comment at end of file to verify hd_driveid_format_str = "@ 10H 20s 3H 8s 40s 2B H 2B H 4B 6H 2B I 36H IQ 152H" # Also from  HDIO_GET_IDENTITY = 0x030d # How big a buffer do we need? sizeof_hd_driveid = struct.calcsize(hd_driveid_format_str) # ensure our format string is the correct size # 512 is extracted using sizeof(struct hd_id) in the c code assert sizeof_hd_driveid == 512 # Call native function buf = fcntl.ioctl(fd, HDIO_GET_IDENTITY, " " * sizeof_hd_driveid) fields = struct.unpack(hd_driveid_format_str, buf) serial_no = fields[10].strip() model = fields[15].strip() print("Hard Disk Model: %s" % model) print(" Serial Number: %s" % serial_no) ## For documentation purposes, this is the struct copied from  # struct hd_driveid { # unsigned short config; /* lots of obsolete bit flags */ # unsigned short cyls; /* Obsolete, "physical" cyls */ # unsigned short reserved2; /* reserved (word 2) */ # unsigned short heads; /* Obsolete, "physical" heads */ # unsigned short track_bytes; /* unformatted bytes per track */ # unsigned short sector_bytes; /* unformatted bytes per sector */ # unsigned short sectors; /* Obsolete, "physical" sectors per track */ # unsigned short vendor0; /* vendor unique */ # unsigned short vendor1; /* vendor unique */ # unsigned short vendor2; /* Retired vendor unique */ # unsigned char serial_no[20]; /* 0 = not_specified */ # unsigned short buf_type; /* Retired */ # unsigned short buf_size; /* Retired, 512 byte increments # * 0 = not_specified # */ # unsigned short ecc_bytes; /* for r/w long cmds; 0 = not_specified */ # unsigned char fw_rev[8]; /* 0 = not_specified */ # unsigned char model[40]; /* 0 = not_specified */ # unsigned char max_multsect; /* 0=not_implemented */ # unsigned char vendor3; /* vendor unique */ # unsigned short dword_io; /* 0=not_implemented; 1=implemented */ # unsigned char vendor4; /* vendor unique */ # unsigned char capability; /* (upper byte of word 49) # * 3: IORDYsup # * 2: IORDYsw # * 1: LBA # * 0: DMA # */ # unsigned short reserved50; /* reserved (word 50) */ # unsigned char vendor5; /* Obsolete, vendor unique */ # unsigned char tPIO; /* Obsolete, 0=slow, 1=medium, 2=fast */ # unsigned char vendor6; /* Obsolete, vendor unique */ # unsigned char tDMA; /* Obsolete, 0=slow, 1=medium, 2=fast */ # unsigned short field_valid; /* (word 53) # * 2: ultra_ok word 88 # * 1: eide_ok words 64-70 # * 0: cur_ok words 54-58 # */ # unsigned short cur_cyls; /* Obsolete, logical cylinders */ # unsigned short cur_heads; /* Obsolete, l heads */ # unsigned short cur_sectors; /* Obsolete, l sectors per track */ # unsigned short cur_capacity0; /* Obsolete, l total sectors on drive */ # unsigned short cur_capacity1; /* Obsolete, (2 words, misaligned int) */ # unsigned char multsect; /* current multiple sector count */ # unsigned char multsect_valid; /* when (bit0==1) multsect is ok */ # unsigned int lba_capacity; /* Obsolete, total number of sectors */ # unsigned short dma_1word; /* Obsolete, single-word dma info */ # unsigned short dma_mword; /* multiple-word dma info */ # unsigned short eide_pio_modes; /* bits 0:mode3 1:mode4 */ # unsigned short eide_dma_min; /* min mword dma cycle time (ns) */ # unsigned short eide_dma_time; /* recommended mword dma cycle time (ns) */ # unsigned short eide_pio; /* min cycle time (ns), no IORDY */ # unsigned short eide_pio_iordy; /* min cycle time (ns), with IORDY */ # unsigned short words69_70[2]; /* reserved words 69-70 # * future command overlap and queuing # */ # unsigned short words71_74[4]; /* reserved words 71-74 # * for IDENTIFY PACKET DEVICE command # */ # unsigned short queue_depth; /* (word 75) # * 15:5 reserved # * 4:0 Maximum queue depth -1 # */ # unsigned short words76_79[4]; /* reserved words 76-79 */ # unsigned short major_rev_num; /* (word 80) */ # unsigned short minor_rev_num; /* (word 81) */ # unsigned short command_set_1; /* (word 82) supported # * 15: Obsolete # * 14: NOP command # * 13: READ_BUFFER # * 12: WRITE_BUFFER # * 11: Obsolete # * 10: Host Protected Area # * 9: DEVICE Reset # * 8: SERVICE Interrupt # * 7: Release Interrupt # * 6: look-ahead # * 5: write cache # * 4: PACKET Command # * 3: Power Management Feature Set # * 2: Removable Feature Set # * 1: Security Feature Set # * 0: SMART Feature Set # */ # unsigned short command_set_2; /* (word 83) # * 15: Shall be ZERO # * 14: Shall be ONE # * 13: FLUSH CACHE EXT # * 12: FLUSH CACHE # * 11: Device Configuration Overlay # * 10: 48-bit Address Feature Set # * 9: Automatic Acoustic Management # * 8: SET MAX security # * 7: reserved 1407DT PARTIES # * 6: SetF sub-command Power-Up # * 5: Power-Up in Standby Feature Set # * 4: Removable Media Notification # * 3: APM Feature Set # * 2: CFA Feature Set # * 1: READ/WRITE DMA QUEUED # * 0: Download MicroCode # */ # unsigned short cfsse; /* (word 84) # * cmd set-feature supported extensions # * 15: Shall be ZERO # * 14: Shall be ONE # * 13:6 reserved # * 5: General Purpose Logging # * 4: Streaming Feature Set # * 3: Media Card Pass Through # * 2: Media Serial Number Valid # * 1: SMART selt-test supported # * 0: SMART error logging # */ # unsigned short cfs_enable_1; /* (word 85) # * command set-feature enabled # * 15: Obsolete # * 14: NOP command # * 13: READ_BUFFER # * 12: WRITE_BUFFER # * 11: Obsolete # * 10: Host Protected Area # * 9: DEVICE Reset # * 8: SERVICE Interrupt # * 7: Release Interrupt # * 6: look-ahead # * 5: write cache # * 4: PACKET Command # * 3: Power Management Feature Set # * 2: Removable Feature Set # * 1: Security Feature Set # * 0: SMART Feature Set # */ # unsigned short cfs_enable_2; /* (word 86) # * command set-feature enabled # * 15: Shall be ZERO # * 14: Shall be ONE # * 13: FLUSH CACHE EXT # * 12: FLUSH CACHE # * 11: Device Configuration Overlay # * 10: 48-bit Address Feature Set # * 9: Automatic Acoustic Management # * 8: SET MAX security # * 7: reserved 1407DT PARTIES # * 6: SetF sub-command Power-Up # * 5: Power-Up in Standby Feature Set # * 4: Removable Media Notification # * 3: APM Feature Set # * 2: CFA Feature Set # * 1: READ/WRITE DMA QUEUED # * 0: Download MicroCode # */ # unsigned short csf_default; /* (word 87) # * command set-feature default # * 15: Shall be ZERO # * 14: Shall be ONE # * 13:6 reserved # * 5: General Purpose Logging enabled # * 4: Valid CONFIGURE STREAM executed # * 3: Media Card Pass Through enabled # * 2: Media Serial Number Valid # * 1: SMART selt-test supported # * 0: SMART error logging # */ # unsigned short dma_ultra; /* (word 88) */ # unsigned short trseuc; /* time required for security erase */ # unsigned short trsEuc; /* time required for enhanced erase */ # unsigned short CurAPMvalues; /* current APM values */ # unsigned short mprc; /* master password revision code */ # unsigned short hw_config; /* hardware config (word 93) # * 15: Shall be ZERO # * 14: Shall be ONE # * 13: # * 12: # * 11: # * 10: # * 9: # * 8: # * 7: # * 6: # * 5: # * 4: # * 3: # * 2: # * 1: # * 0: Shall be ONE # */ # unsigned short acoustic; /* (word 94) # * 15:8 Vendor's recommended value # * 7:0 current value # */ # unsigned short msrqs; /* min stream request size */ # unsigned short sxfert; /* stream transfer time */ # unsigned short sal; /* stream access latency */ # unsigned int spg; /* stream performance granularity */ # unsigned long long lba_capacity_2;/* 48-bit total number of sectors */ # unsigned short words104_125[22];/* reserved words 104-125 */ # unsigned short last_lun; /* (word 126) */ # unsigned short word127; /* (word 127) Feature Set # * Removable Media Notification # * 15:2 reserved # * 1:0 00 = not supported # * 01 = supported # * 10 = reserved # * 11 = reserved # */ # unsigned short dlf; /* (word 128) # * device lock function # * 15:9 reserved # * 8 security level 1:max 0:high # * 7:6 reserved # * 5 enhanced erase # * 4 expire # * 3 frozen # * 2 locked # * 1 en/disabled # * 0 capability # */ # unsigned short csfo; /* (word 129) # * current set features options # * 15:4 reserved # * 3: auto reassign # * 2: reverting # * 1: read-look-ahead # * 0: write cache # */ # unsigned short words130_155[26];/* reserved vendor words 130-155 */ # unsigned short word156; /* reserved vendor word 156 */ # unsigned short words157_159[3];/* reserved vendor words 157-159 */ # unsigned short cfa_power; /* (word 160) CFA Power Mode # * 15 word 160 supported # * 14 reserved # * 13 # * 12 # * 11:0 # */ # unsigned short words161_175[15];/* Reserved for CFA */ # unsigned short words176_205[30];/* Current Media Serial Number */ # unsigned short words206_254[49];/* reserved words 206-254 */ # unsigned short integrity_word; /* (word 255) # * 15:8 Checksum # * 7:0 Signature # */ # }; 

Disculpas por la longitud, me pareció útil incluir la estructura C original como un comentario. Además, soy bastante nuevo en los módulos fcntl y struct , por lo que puedo estar haciendo algo unidomático. En cualquier caso, ejecútelo desde la línea de comandos (con privilegios de raíz) que tiene este aspecto (he redactado mi serie exacta para privacidad):

 fmark@fmark-laptop:~/Desktop/hdserial$ sudo python hd.py "/dev/sda" Hard Disk Model: FUJITSU MHV2080BH PL Serial Number: NW-------- 

¿Que está pasando aqui?

Para poder entender lo que está sucediendo aquí, debe mirar el #include en el progtwig C original. Esta inclusión importa la constante HDIO_GET_IDENTITY y la struct hd_driveid . He copiado la estructura como un comentario en el código fuente de Python anterior, así que no la repetiré aquí. Para saber qué está pasando con HDIO_GET_IDENTITY , grep el código fuente para esto (en Ubuntu esto está en /usr/include/linux/hdreg.h . Debería encontrar algo como esto:

  #define HDIO_GET_IDENTITY 0x030d /* get IDE identification info */ 

Por lo tanto, encuentra que HDIO_GET_IDENTITY es solo una constante que le dice a fcntl que está interesado en obtener información de HD. Como notará, ese mismo valor ( 0x030d es un entero en notación hexadecimal) se asigna a una variable en el código de python.

Windows

Me doy cuenta de que ahora estás interesado en Linux, pero lo mantendré aquí para la posteridad. Lo siguiente obtendrá el número de serie de la unidad de disco duro en Windows (deberá instalar el paquete wmi ):

 import wmi c = wmi.WMI() for item in c.Win32_PhysicalMedia(): print item 

Consigue un destornillador y abre la caja 😉

Si estás en Windows, esto podría hacer el truco

 import win32api print win32api.GetVolumeInformation("C:\\") 

Para esto necesitas los módulos de Mark Hammond para windows http://python.net/crew/mhammond/