pip instala MySQL-python falla en ubuntu 14.04, error: el comando ‘x86_64-linux-gnu-gcc’ falló con el estado de salida 1

He leído todas las recomendaciones de desbordamiento de stack / google de las listas de paquetes para instalar y ninguna de ellas parece resolver esto.

Al migrar un servidor web ubuntu 14.04 de un proveedor de alojamiento de EE. UU. A DigitalOcean en Europa, ambos están configurados con el mismo libro de reproducción de Ansible, pero debe haber algo preinstalado en la instancia en los EE. UU., Ya que MySQL-python == 1.2.5 se instala bien allí.

apt-get build-essential python-dev python-pip libssl-dev libmariadbclient-dev pip install MySQL-python 

Cuando me mudé por primera vez a la versión 14.04 tuve problemas al instalar MySQL-python porque libssl-dev necesita estar presente. Esto parece ser otra cosa.

 In file included from _mysql.c:44:0: /usr/include/mysql/my_config.h:654:2: error: #error  MUST be included first! #error  MUST be included first! ^ error: command 'x86_64-linux-gnu-gcc' failed with exit status 1 Complete output from command /usr/bin/python -c "import setuptools, tokenize;__file__='/tmp/pip_build_root/MySQL-python/setup.py';exec(compile(getattr(tokenize, 'open', open)(__file__).read().replace('\r\n', '\n'), __file__, 'exec'))" install --record /tmp/pip-5u4s0f-record/install-record.txt --single-version-externally-managed --compile: running install running build running build_py creating build creating build/lib.linux-x86_64-2.7 copying _mysql_exceptions.py -> build/lib.linux-x86_64-2.7 creating build/lib.linux-x86_64-2.7/MySQLdb copying MySQLdb/__init__.py -> build/lib.linux-x86_64-2.7/MySQLdb copying MySQLdb/converters.py -> build/lib.linux-x86_64-2.7/MySQLdb copying MySQLdb/connections.py -> build/lib.linux-x86_64-2.7/MySQLdb copying MySQLdb/cursors.py -> build/lib.linux-x86_64-2.7/MySQLdb copying MySQLdb/release.py -> build/lib.linux-x86_64-2.7/MySQLdb copying MySQLdb/times.py -> build/lib.linux-x86_64-2.7/MySQLdb creating build/lib.linux-x86_64-2.7/MySQLdb/constants copying MySQLdb/constants/__init__.py -> build/lib.linux-x86_64-2.7/MySQLdb/constants copying MySQLdb/constants/CR.py -> build/lib.linux-x86_64-2.7/MySQLdb/constants copying MySQLdb/constants/FIELD_TYPE.py -> build/lib.linux-x86_64-2.7/MySQLdb/constants copying MySQLdb/constants/ER.py -> build/lib.linux-x86_64-2.7/MySQLdb/constants copying MySQLdb/constants/FLAG.py -> build/lib.linux-x86_64-2.7/MySQLdb/constants copying MySQLdb/constants/REFRESH.py -> build/lib.linux-x86_64-2.7/MySQLdb/constants copying MySQLdb/constants/CLIENT.py -> build/lib.linux-x86_64-2.7/MySQLdb/constants running build_ext building '_mysql' extension creating build/temp.linux-x86_64-2.7 x86_64-linux-gnu-gcc -pthread -fno-strict-aliasing -DNDEBUG -g -fwrapv -O2 -Wall -Wstrict-prototypes -fPIC -Dversion_info=(1,2,5,'final',1) -D__version__=1.2.5 -I/usr/include/mysql -I/usr/include/python2.7 -c _mysql.c -o build/temp.linux-x86_64-2.7/_mysql.o -DBIG_JOINS=1 -fno-strict-aliasing -g -static-libgcc -fno-omit-frame-pointer -fno-strict-aliasing In file included from _mysql.c:44:0: /usr/include/mysql/my_config.h:439:0: warning: "HAVE_WCSCOLL" redefined [enabled by default] #define HAVE_WCSCOLL ^ In file included from /usr/include/python2.7/pyconfig.h:3:0, from /usr/include/python2.7/Python.h:8, from _mysql.c:29: /usr/include/x86_64-linux-gnu/python2.7/pyconfig.h:911:0: note: this is the location of the previous definition #define HAVE_WCSCOLL 1 ^ In file included from _mysql.c:44:0: /usr/include/mysql/my_config.h:654:2: error: #error  MUST be included first! #error  MUST be included first! ^ error: command 'x86_64-linux-gnu-gcc' failed with exit status 1 ---------------------------------------- Cleaning up... Command /usr/bin/python -c "import setuptools, tokenize;__file__='/tmp/pip_build_root/MySQL-python/setup.py';exec(compile(getattr(tokenize, 'open', open)(__file__).read().replace('\r\n', '\n'), __file__, 'exec'))" install --record /tmp/pip-5u4s0f-record/install-record.txt --single-version-externally-managed --compile failed with error code 1 in /tmp/pip_build_root/MySQL-python Storing debug log for failure in /root/.pip/pip.log 

El Ubuntu 14.04 libmariadbclient-dev con el último python-MySQL (1.2.5) parece estar completamente dañado. Me conecté a los repositorys mantenidos de MariaDB y saqué la última versión para superar este error de comstackción.